Let’s talk about our National History. I know many of you has no detailed knowledge about this so I did some research para naman medyo maka relate tayo ngayong araw na to… baka sakali… makita natin ang kahalagahan ng mga ipinaglaban nya… na sana lang ay hindi nga nasayang ang mga iyon… yung reference books ko ay hinalukay ko pa sa Baul ng tatay ko πŸ™‚

Today is November 30, we are commemorating one of the important person in the Philippine history, Andres Bonifacio.

Who is the guy? ( He’s my Hero πŸ™‚ )

Bonifacio came out after the failure of the reform movement headed by Rizal and M. Del Pilar. This paved way for a more radical and more active lines. He formed the Katipunan, a secret society which was founded at Tondo Manila, in a house on Azcarraga street then numbered 314, on July 7, 1892, the same date on which Rizal was decreed to be banished to Dapitan.

The secret society was popularly known as KKK which means “kataastaasan Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga anak ng Bayan” (The Highest and the most respectable Association of the Son’s of the People).

The two principal aims of the KKK as gathered from the writings of Bonifacio:

  1. Unity of the Filipino people
  2. Separation from Spain by means of Revolution

Rizal doubtless approved the first aim but refused to accept the second and this was the reason that he refused to go along with the “Katipuneros” (soldiers’ of the Katipunan) and voluntarily surrendered that leads him to prison and death.

To achieve unity of the Filipinos, propaganda work must be done and this was through massive education and civic trainings of the Katipuneros. To that end, Bonifacio prepared his now well-known Decalogue, and Jacinto his famous “Kartilya ng Katipunan” (Primer of the Katipunan)

Here is an excerpt from the second paragraph of the Kartilya which states that;

“The object pursued by this association is great and precious: to unite in ideas and purposes all Filipinos by means of a strong oath and from union derive force with which to tear the veil that obscures intelligence and thus find the true path of Reason and Light”

The strong oath was documented and signed with the blood of the “Katipuneros” (blood compact). They swore at the Katipunan creed; To defend the oppressed, fight the oppressor even to the extent of supreme self- sacrifice.

Organization of the Katipunan

The Katipunan has 3 levels of authority:

Kataastaasang Sanggunian (The Supreme Council)
Sangguniang Bayan (The Provincial Council)
Sangguniang Barangay (Town Council)

It was founded in 1892 but Andre4s Bonifacio assumed the presidency in 1894

Table of Organization

President – Andres Bonifacio
Secretary – Jose Turiano Santiago
Fiscal – Emilio Jacinto
Treasurer – Vicente Molina

Executive Department (1896)

President – Andres Bonifacio
Secretary of State- Emilio Jacinto
Secretary of War – Teodoro Plata
Secretary of Justice – Briccio Pantas
Secretary of the Interior – Aguedo del Rosario
Secretary of Finance – Enrique Pacheco

Membership of the Katipunan

With Bonifacio as the Supreme leader, the society gains active followers in the provinces of Morong (Rizal), Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Tayabas. The number of Katipuneros has been estimated at 123, 000 in Manila and the surrounding provinces. Women also organized themselves into an Auxiliary of the Katipunan including the 29 relatives of the Katipuneros.

Ritual of the Katipunan

Katipunan also adopted some of the features and practices of the Masonry, such as conferring of degrees, secret ceremonies and symbolic names.

A first degree of the Katipunan was called “Katipun” meaning an associate and the sacred word was “Anak ng Bayan”. A second degree member was called “Kawal”, a soldier and the sacred word was “Gom-Bur-Za” which stand for Father Gomez, Burgos and Zamora. A member of the third degree was called “Bayani”, a hero and the sacred word was “Rizal”.

The symbolic name of Bonifacio was “May Pag-asa (There is hope), Emilio Aguinaldo as Magdalo and Emilio Jacinto as Pingkian.

The call to Arms

It was a lieutenant of the civil guard stationed in Pasig, who in July 5, 1896, reported in confidential writing to the Governor of Manila that persons coming from the capital and neighboring towns were enlisting men for an “unknown purpose” and that they were making recruits sign wit their blood a pledge not to reveal, even under threat or death the purpose of the association and its intentions.

On August 19, 1896, the offices of the “El Diario de Manila was forcibly searched by the “guardia civil” and lithographic stone with 2 blank receipts of the Katipunan was found including the By-Laws and other incriminating documents. This leads to multiple arrests of many suspects that ends up in their tortures and death.

The First Cry of Balintawak – The first cry of revolution


On August 20, at the last series of meetings held in Kangkong, a barrio in Caloocan, Bonifacio and his followers plan and agreed to attack Manila on August 29, 1896. That decision marked the triumph of the radicals under the leadership of Bonifacio and Jacinto. Resolved not to return home, the Katipuneros, as proof of their determination to break off their allegiance to Spain, tore up their “cedulas” (certificate of residence), shouting “Mabuhay ang Pilipinas!” (Long live the Philippine Republic)

That was the start of the Philippine revolution which took place in many parts of the land. Many Katipuneros had died in the battle for the sake of freedom and liberty. Bonifacio has fought for this purpose until the last breath of his life.

300 years of Bondage. Millions of Filipinos had lost their lives fighting for independence.

The Spanish is too proud to surrender to what they call idiots and stupid Filipinos. They rather surrender to Americans. And so it was done.

The history tells us who the real heroes are. ..who fought to liberate this land. It was clearly written but Bonifacio, was denied the title of a National Hero. My daughter asked me that same question. I said, maybe because Bonifacio is a radical person and must not be idolized by future generation. They want us to be meek and just pray and ask for God’s mercy. Not fight and bear the unbearable… and whoever raised his voice against the government must be silenced… legally…brutally.

The Cry of Balintawak still echoes in the wind. For every life that is wasted, for every leader who dies because of a word called “principle”. I wonder if independence was really achieved because until this day, the Spanish styles of killings and tortures is still existing. Activists are killed. Organizations are busted. Workers are displaced. Unions are abolished.

The journey to freedom is long and hard. The price of bravery and principle is high.

The day of real freedom and independence still remains a dream…


References: History of the Philippines by Conrado Benitez

The Philippine Islands – by Dr. James A. Robertson, Blair and Robertson

>>> My dad’s books from his very old collections…

48 comments on “BONIFACIO DAY

  1. Ate ngayun ko lang napagtanto na di ako gaanong nakinig sa teacher ko kc bago lahat ito sa pandinig ko o kaya naman hindi talaga ito itinuro ng teacher ko. iba talaga pag planado ano ate pati history nababago.


  2. Joy, present ka nun at nakinig nagkataon lang talaga na hindi tinuro yan ng teacher mo, don’t worry kahit yung prof ko sa college di rin gaano diniscuss yan πŸ™‚ Salamat na lang at me matatandang libro ang tatay ko kaya me data ako nyan.


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  4. Pingback: Presidential Race On Best Political Blogs » Blog Archive » BONIFACIO DAY Β« PinayKeyPoint

  5. why don’t they give emphasis on how andres died. na na-outmaneuvered siya sa elitistang si aguinaldo and his gang and was shot thereafter. history is bound to repeat itself, lalong dumami na ang mga elistitang politiko ngaun at gawin ang lahat para …..
    ooopz ..i guess i’m out of context. he he ..sorry..


  6. Bro naman, sa UP lang binibigyan ng emphasis yun πŸ™‚ saka sa mga aktibistang edukasyon. Commercialized education & curriculum tau and main objective makapagdevelop ng mga sunod-sunurang tao bawal yung me critical thinking…


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  9. of course not Bunka, we can be happy today as Filipinos who want to express their sentiments can go out in the streets and participate at the series of rallies and demonstrations


  10. hi ate! kumusta po? visit u again after my long absent in blogging. i’ve been busy this passed few days and our pc got virus. thank goodness my hubby able to fixed it. have a great day ahead po! Enjoy ur Bonifacio Day!


  11. Hi Ria, trying to be fine πŸ™‚

    I thought you’re sick again, good to know that your fine and just a PC problem. You’re lucky you’re hub knows how to fix it lest you still have to hire a technician and pay for service fee.


  12. Hi Aglaonemaku, yes I have 1 tree at home, santol tree but can’t afford to plant another one because of space limit and another thing we’re facing demolition and they plan to wipe out this place including the trees


  13. yan yung monument na minadali para sa centennial, di mo ba napanuod sa TV nai feature pa yan kc nga made of bronze yan at yung ibang part nawawala na at pinakilo na ata sa magbabakal dahil sa sobrang pangangailangan πŸ™‚


  14. i know thank god he knows to fix it. my hubby knows about trouble shooting. he used to work in Dell before he joined the army. ok lang po kami lately sinusumpong me ng migraine ko.. have a grea t day po! malapit na simbang gabi jan sa atin. I miss doing that.


  15. Bonifacio is my hero – he’s the people’s hero. The Revolution would have succeeded if, and only if, there was maturity on the part of the people especially the rich clans and the landowners. Poor Bonifacio, he was betrayed by a Caviteno, the traitor self proclaimed hero of Cavite – Emilio Aguinaldo.

    Thanks for sharing.


  16. Thanks for sharing your views Kelvene, I visited your blog and it’s a total political blog. I was absorbed by your posts. May you enlighten many spirits in the blogging world πŸ™‚ Kudos!


  17. Hi Cindy, salamat sa red pajama ni Bonifacio at naligaw ka sa blog ko πŸ™‚ namasyal din naman ako sa blog mo at kwela pala in fairness napaligaya mo ako nyehehehe πŸ™‚


  18. My son call him Meme. Binili yun ni hub sa Pet shop sa Bayan 150php ata, magandang regalo yun kaya lang dapat ma sustain nya ang pagkain. Fresh grass and favorite nya. Pag kumakain ang mga anak ko ng apple, gustong- gusto nya ang balat.

    Thank you very much nga pala sa tag. I really appreciate it πŸ™‚


  19. red pajama ang outfit ni bonifacio, sis, hindi ko napansin yun. basta si rizal in formal black suit ang mai piktyur ko. fashion trendsetter pala si bonifacio kung ganoon. he he ..
    i agree with kebelle, those rich clans, illustrados are the great compromisers of their time. parang si joe de venecia in the present. hehe
    tanong mu last sat. nyt about my night life. ha ha sis, mayroong night pero walang life. lol. basta nakaharap sa monitor the whole day..pagod na pagdating ng gabi.


  20. Sinisimbolo daw ng pula ang himagsikan saka pag namantshan di obvious πŸ™‚ Nyehehe, talagang paborito mo si Tenga-tenga ha.

    Wla ka ng night life bro? nyahaha maaga kang tatanda. Ako may night light pa kaya lang sa harap pa din ng PC. buong night nagtatrabaho πŸ™‚ nyahaha! πŸ™‚


  21. No doubt about Bonifacio’s initiative, his move to break away from La Liga and founding his own movement would go down in history as one of the most critical events of 1896, unfortunately, his defeat and eventual attempt to reunite the factions in cavite is where everything ends. Sayang, today he still suffers injustice for being portrayed as someone that he wasn’t, the neocolonialist and ultra nationalist had to recreate the poor Andres to serve their political agendas.


  22. Thank you for coming by bro and for sharing your views, I really appreciate it. This is a very late reply coz I was not online for the past weeks but I always see to it that I make a response to my readers. I’ve been to your site too and was absorbed by your posts πŸ™‚ keep in touch!


  23. No hay problema. I appreciate blogs like this, we have to keep on talking about what matters to the Filipino soul, from culture and history to the beauty that we possess, in our lands and seas, and in our spirit. Keep bloggin’ just when you thought that no ones understanding someone would come along and tell you that your doing something good for the Filipino, Bravo! gracias Juliet, gracias.

    lets link up sites.


  24. Thank you Nalds, you made me smile and made my heart fly in the wilderness of freedom which is far from the clout of the controlling hands πŸ™‚

    Sure, let’s link up. just leave a message in my link page so I can include you in my blogroll. I’m doing my link update during weekend.


  25. Too bad the Katipunan was Tagalog-centric. In most tagalog writings “Katagalugan” is emphasised; worse, they used it as a synechdoche for all Filipino peoples. Big mistake.


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