BONIFACIO DAY

Let’s talk about our National History. I know many of you has no detailed knowledge about this so I did some research para naman medyo maka relate tayo ngayong araw na to… baka sakali… makita natin ang kahalagahan ng mga ipinaglaban nya… na sana lang ay hindi nga nasayang ang mga iyon… yung reference books ko ay hinalukay ko pa sa Baul ng tatay ko 🙂

Today is November 30, we are commemorating one of the important person in the Philippine history, Andres Bonifacio.

Who is the guy? ( He’s my Hero 🙂 )

Bonifacio came out after the failure of the reform movement headed by Rizal and M. Del Pilar. This paved way for a more radical and more active lines. He formed the Katipunan, a secret society which was founded at Tondo Manila, in a house on Azcarraga street then numbered 314, on July 7, 1892, the same date on which Rizal was decreed to be banished to Dapitan.

The secret society was popularly known as KKK which means “kataastaasan Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga anak ng Bayan” (The Highest and the most respectable Association of the Son’s of the People).

The two principal aims of the KKK as gathered from the writings of Bonifacio:

  1. Unity of the Filipino people
  2. Separation from Spain by means of Revolution

Rizal doubtless approved the first aim but refused to accept the second and this was the reason that he refused to go along with the “Katipuneros” (soldiers’ of the Katipunan) and voluntarily surrendered that leads him to prison and death.

To achieve unity of the Filipinos, propaganda work must be done and this was through massive education and civic trainings of the Katipuneros. To that end, Bonifacio prepared his now well-known Decalogue, and Jacinto his famous “Kartilya ng Katipunan” (Primer of the Katipunan)

Here is an excerpt from the second paragraph of the Kartilya which states that;

“The object pursued by this association is great and precious: to unite in ideas and purposes all Filipinos by means of a strong oath and from union derive force with which to tear the veil that obscures intelligence and thus find the true path of Reason and Light”

The strong oath was documented and signed with the blood of the “Katipuneros” (blood compact). They swore at the Katipunan creed; To defend the oppressed, fight the oppressor even to the extent of supreme self- sacrifice.

Organization of the Katipunan

The Katipunan has 3 levels of authority:

Kataastaasang Sanggunian (The Supreme Council)
Sangguniang Bayan (The Provincial Council)
Sangguniang Barangay (Town Council)

It was founded in 1892 but Andre4s Bonifacio assumed the presidency in 1894

Table of Organization

President – Andres Bonifacio
Secretary – Jose Turiano Santiago
Fiscal – Emilio Jacinto
Treasurer – Vicente Molina

Executive Department (1896)

President – Andres Bonifacio
Secretary of State- Emilio Jacinto
Secretary of War – Teodoro Plata
Secretary of Justice – Briccio Pantas
Secretary of the Interior – Aguedo del Rosario
Secretary of Finance – Enrique Pacheco

Membership of the Katipunan

With Bonifacio as the Supreme leader, the society gains active followers in the provinces of Morong (Rizal), Cavite, Batangas, Laguna, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Tayabas. The number of Katipuneros has been estimated at 123, 000 in Manila and the surrounding provinces. Women also organized themselves into an Auxiliary of the Katipunan including the 29 relatives of the Katipuneros.

Ritual of the Katipunan

Katipunan also adopted some of the features and practices of the Masonry, such as conferring of degrees, secret ceremonies and symbolic names.

A first degree of the Katipunan was called “Katipun” meaning an associate and the sacred word was “Anak ng Bayan”. A second degree member was called “Kawal”, a soldier and the sacred word was “Gom-Bur-Za” which stand for Father Gomez, Burgos and Zamora. A member of the third degree was called “Bayani”, a hero and the sacred word was “Rizal”.

The symbolic name of Bonifacio was “May Pag-asa (There is hope), Emilio Aguinaldo as Magdalo and Emilio Jacinto as Pingkian.

The call to Arms

It was a lieutenant of the civil guard stationed in Pasig, who in July 5, 1896, reported in confidential writing to the Governor of Manila that persons coming from the capital and neighboring towns were enlisting men for an “unknown purpose” and that they were making recruits sign wit their blood a pledge not to reveal, even under threat or death the purpose of the association and its intentions.

On August 19, 1896, the offices of the “El Diario de Manila was forcibly searched by the “guardia civil” and lithographic stone with 2 blank receipts of the Katipunan was found including the By-Laws and other incriminating documents. This leads to multiple arrests of many suspects that ends up in their tortures and death.

The First Cry of Balintawak – The first cry of revolution

bonifacio-monument

On August 20, at the last series of meetings held in Kangkong, a barrio in Caloocan, Bonifacio and his followers plan and agreed to attack Manila on August 29, 1896. That decision marked the triumph of the radicals under the leadership of Bonifacio and Jacinto. Resolved not to return home, the Katipuneros, as proof of their determination to break off their allegiance to Spain, tore up their “cedulas” (certificate of residence), shouting “Mabuhay ang Pilipinas!” (Long live the Philippine Republic)

That was the start of the Philippine revolution which took place in many parts of the land. Many Katipuneros had died in the battle for the sake of freedom and liberty. Bonifacio has fought for this purpose until the last breath of his life.

300 years of Bondage. Millions of Filipinos had lost their lives fighting for independence.

The Spanish is too proud to surrender to what they call idiots and stupid Filipinos. They rather surrender to Americans. And so it was done.

The history tells us who the real heroes are. ..who fought to liberate this land. It was clearly written but Bonifacio, was denied the title of a National Hero. My daughter asked me that same question. I said, maybe because Bonifacio is a radical person and must not be idolized by future generation. They want us to be meek and just pray and ask for God’s mercy. Not fight and bear the unbearable… and whoever raised his voice against the government must be silenced… legally…brutally.

The Cry of Balintawak still echoes in the wind. For every life that is wasted, for every leader who dies because of a word called “principle”. I wonder if independence was really achieved because until this day, the Spanish styles of killings and tortures is still existing. Activists are killed. Organizations are busted. Workers are displaced. Unions are abolished.

The journey to freedom is long and hard. The price of bravery and principle is high.

The day of real freedom and independence still remains a dream…

 

References: History of the Philippines by Conrado Benitez

The Philippine Islands – by Dr. James A. Robertson, Blair and Robertson

>>> My dad’s books from his very old collections…

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The Entrepreneur

OCTOBER 23, 2008

I received an email from WAYN regarding Global Entrepreneurship Week. In response to this letter, I wrote an article about Entrepreneurship in my own views.

THE ENTREPRENEUR

Money, Fame, Freedom and Power – 4 major aspirations of every breathing individual in this planet. Are you one of them? If we you will be honest and true to yourself, then the answer would simply be YES.

Who wouldn’t want money anyway? In fact money alone can give you freedom, fame and power. These needs and wants are traces and manifestations of entrepreneurial spirit in us. The drive to make it happen is a clear instinct of an Entrepreneur. The definition per se may vary but I am digging deeper into the essence of the word.

Class Struggle

The dream of every man to have money, fame, freedom and power in his possession gave birth to a society divided by class struggles. Prior to this, we were living in a classless society with equal opportunity to all resources around us. But man is a born warrior and so his whims and caprices brought him to pedestal, wars & chaos and the rest is history.

The era of classifying people by what he is through what is in his mind and in his pocket opened us to the world of governance and economy. Every people have been classified as worker, farmer, businessman, artist, politician and so on. The name is vast and broad but one thing is definite, in every man’s heart dwells the aspirations for Money, Fame, Freedom and Power. Politics has been a swift way to achieve these dream. Politicians have easy access to many businesses, news and justice.

The Birth of the Entrepreneurs

For a common man who has the same dream but has no chance to walk in the arena of governance and politics made his way to the business world. They started out as simple merchants in early times and now tagged a new name; “The Entrepreneur “

We are all entrepreneur. Each and everyone of us has been an entrepreneur in our own odd ways. The drive to have that money land in our hand and to have a decent living is entrepreneurial. When a common factory worker allocates a little amount of money and capitalizes it to sell something so he can extend his budget is doing an entrepreneurial stuff thus making him an entrepreneur.

Classifications of Entrepreneurs

Entrepreneurs can be classified as small time, big time, successful, risk taker or even a loser.

Of course this is how we handle our entrepreneurial skill. Business is a vast world of competition and only the mighty and the wise will reign. This arena has put many entrepreneurs in fame, freedom and power. Some even made it bigger than the government itself. They are the fulfilled and powerful entrepreneurs and we start to call them as Businessman to give distinction from the rest.

Do you have what it takes to be an entrepreneur?

Yes. As I said earlier, we are all entrepreneur. But we are differed by our drives and performance. Put out 100 dollar from your pocket and buy a pack of onion. Repack it into 5 packs and start selling it at $25 per pack, at the end of the day, you are $25 dollar richer than when you are starting. Duplicate this process everyday, add some lists, targets or buy a cart as your first asset and Bingo! You are now a certified entrepreneur. The key to be a successful entrepreneur is simple. Be consistent and innovative. These two powerful characters have lead many people to success.

Okay, now you know that you have what it takes to be an entrepreneur, so what’s your plan now?

Of course you don’t have to rush to the department of trade to register your business. What will you do? For a positive start, go to a high location, maybe a second floor of a building, a field or any place where you could see the ground and the buildings around you. Look down, smile, stand firm and tell yourself: “Yes I have the Potential!” No, I’m not kidding, this is developing self confidence. You have to arm yourself with confidence so you will have the drive and strength to go beyond.

When you think you are ready to start, define what’s on your mind.

What do you want to do?

What do you want to sell?

What do you want to share?

Of course business and entrepreneurship is not all product selling. Look at yourself.

What are your skills?

Your strengths?

Your talents?

You can offer these as services without monetary capitalization. Yes, we can always be entrepreneurs minus the financial capital. I am writing and earning decent money from thinking and writing and sharing these secrets to you. I may not be a powerful entrepreneur but I have the freedom to work and earn in my pajamas.

My objective in writing this article is to waken your entrepreneurial being which maybe drowning from a lot of frustrations and disappointments.

Com’on, you’re an entrepreneur man! Go find the right product and services for you and start earning. There simply no boundary for the word called: Success.

That’s all for now readers, I hope my writing has awaken your entrepreneurial spirit 🙂

For further info about Global Entrepreneurship Week click here or google it 🙂

Til my next post! Kita-kits! 🙂